History of Medicine in Islamic Iran

Document Type: Review

Author

Professor of Arabic literature, Department of Human Sciences and Cultural Studies

Abstract

Historically, there is a consensus that Islamic medicine followed the Persian, Greek and Egyptian medicine and that a large number of Muslim scholars were non-Arabs. It is also known that most famous Islamic physicians who took their knowledge to Arabic countries received their education in the famous and credible university of Gondishapour in Iran. Therefore, In order to develop a more comprehensive understanding of Islamic medicine, one must study both Iranian and Islamic medical sciences at the same time. The history of medical science and its development in Islamic Iran coincided with the collapse of Umayyad dynasty and the domination of Bani-Abbas. This article carries out a detailed review of physicians’, written and translated manuscripts of this period to date. It also covers the history of hospitals and pharmacies of the Islamic period.

Keywords


Abū Dāwūd, Sulaymān ibn Hassān Ibn Juljul. [Tabaqāt al-atibbā’ w’al-hukamā]. Cairo: Dar el-Kotob val Vasayegh el-ghoumiyah, 1955. [in Arabic]
Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Muhammad al-Farisi al Istakhri. [al-Masālik wa’l-Mamālik]. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1989.
Al Hamavi Y. [Mojam ol Baldan]. Vol 3. Beirut: Dar al Sader, 1993. [in Arabic]
Al Zerkali K. [Al Alam, Ghamous Tarajem l Ashhar al Rejal va al Nesae men al Arab va al Mosta’rebin va Mostashreghin].Vol 2,5,7. Beirut, 1980. [in Arabic]
Ghefti AY. [Tarikh al Hokama]. n.p.: Maktabat al Tani, n.d. [in Arabic]
Haji Khalifeh MA. [Kashf al Zonoun an Asami al Kotob va al Fonun]. Vol 1. Beirut: Dar al Sader, n.d. [in Arabic]
Ibn abi Osaiebe. [Oiun al Anbae fi Tabaghat al Atebba’]. Cairo: Al Vahabieh, 1882. [in Arabic]
Ibn al Jouzi A. [Safvat al Safvat]. Corrected by Al Fakhouri M. Beirut: Dar al Marefat, n.d. [in Arabic]
Ibn Asir ANAMS. [Al Kamel fi al Tarikh]. Vol 7. Corrected by Shiri A. Beirut: Dar Ehia al Terath al Arabi, 1989. [in Arabic]
Ibn Jobeir. [Rehlat Ibn Jobeir]. Beirut: Dar al Sader, n.d. [in Arabic]
Ibn Khalkan AAS. [Vafiat al Aian va Anbae Abnae al Zaman]. Corrected by Abbas E. Beirut: Dar al Sader, 1968. [in Arabic]
Ibn Nadim MI. [Al Fehrest]. n.p: Matba’at al esteghamat, n.d. [in Arabic]
Ibn Sa’d MS. [Al Tabaghat al Kobra]. Vol 3. Beirut: Dar al Fekr, 1994. [in Arabic]
Isa Bak A. History of hospitals in Islam. n.p.: Dar al Raed al Arabi, 1981. [in Arabic]
Islamic encyclopedia. Tehran: Islamic encyclopedia center. [in Persian]
Kahalat OR. [Moejam al Moalefin]. n.p.: Moassesat ol Resalat, 1993. [in Arabic]
Khanbaba Moshar. [Fehrest Ketabhaie Chapi Arabi]. Tehran, 1965. [in Persian]
Najm Abadi M. History of medicine in Iran after Islam. Tehran: Tehran university publication, 1987. [in Persian]
Zeidan J. [Tarikh Adab al Loghate al Arabie]. Vol 2. Beirut: Dar al Fekr, 1996. [in Arabic]