Guide for Authors

Author Guidelines

Instructions to Authors

Aim and Scope : The Journal of Research on History of Medicine encourages researchers in the field of history of medicine to submit historical articles in the whole fields of medical sciences from ancient to Contemporaneous periods, all round the world and we have no publication or processing fee. Its domains includes development of medical sciences, biography of medical scientists, evidence based researches on historical aspects of medicine, archeological researches and roots of traditional approaches medical sciences.

Editorial Independency:

Although the RHM journal is sponsored financially by Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, it benefits from editorial freedom. The editors evaluate and accept articles based only on significance, originality, validity, and adherence to the aims and scope of the journal.

Our editorial policy is consistent with the principles of editorial independence presented by WAME.


Submission of Manuscripts : Manuscripts must be in Word 2003 program and authors should register in the RHM Journal website and submitted electronically their papers. Each manuscript must be accompanied by a statement that it has not been published elsewhere and is not being submitted simultaneously for publication elsewhere. This statement must be signed by all authors. When a manuscript is submitted, a Ref. Num. is devoted to it. Correspondence had to use this number in connections. If an article is accepted to publish; authors must submit permissions to reproduce copyrighted material and must sign an agreement for the transfer of copyright to the Journal. All accepted manuscripts, artwork, and photographs become the publisher's property.

Language of the Journal : English, Persian and Arabic manuscripts in the whole article types can be accepted by the Journal. Persian and Arabic articles need English abstract (for original researches, reviews and short communications) in addition to Persian or Arabic ones.

Manuscript types : Several types of articles are available to publish in the Journal of Researches on History of Medicine. Those are described and explained in the below table.


Type of article


Word count limitation (including abstract, text and references)

Tables and figures limitations

References limitation

Original researches

150-300 words

5000 words

No limitation

No limitation

Short communication

150-300 words

1500 words

2 tables or figures

20 references


150-300 words

6000 words

No limitation

No limitation

Letter to editor


800 words

1 tables or figures

8 references

Historical image


250-500 words

1 figure (it is necessary)

4 references



1500 words

2 tables or figures

10 references



1000 words

1 figure (related to book)

3 references


Note: An English summery between 100-200 words is requiered for Arabic and Persian Biography, Historical image and bibliography.

Manuscript formatting: Each manuscript must be included cover letter, cover page, abstract (if needed), text, acknowledgment (if exist), references, tables and figures. Each part must be begun in new page but all in a word file (Word 2003). Figures can be submitted in separate file (jpeg format). The whole parts of submission must be double-spaced with 1-inch margins, written by New Times Roman font, size of 12 in A4 papers. Number all manuscript pages. Use italics with bold type for section headings and subheadings, and do number. Indent new paragraphs.

Cover Letter (for all submissions)Correspondence must write a letter to editor and explain the importance of manuscript to publish.

Cover Page (for all submissions): Include the article title, a short running head (under 50 characters, with space), the full names of all authors and their full addresses. Also phone/fax number, postal address and email address of Correspondence must be noticed. All information of Arabic and Persian articles should be in article language and also English.   

Abstract: Abstracts must be written in a paragraph just for original researches, reviews and short communications, followed by 3-5 Key Words. Abstracts for Persian and Arabic articles should be in article language and also English. Limit word counts for abstracts are 300 words.

Text: Original articles, reviews and short communications must include some parts such as Introduction, Material and Methods (if needed), Results and Discussion (or Conclusion). Headings and subheadings can be used with numbering. Letter to editors, historical figures do not need any headings and also headings can be used in biographies and bibliographies.

Acknowledgments: Authors can thank from any persons who help them to prepare manuscript and also any organizations which support them. This section must be located before references.

Notes: Cite sources, references and additional notes (for less than 7 words) in the text respectively, just by Arabic numerals in superscript form (for e.g. 1or 1, 2).  

After the text, all citations and notes must be written and numbered according to text in the section of Notes as below:

For citations: Last name of first author, year of publication, pages (if required). For two or more authors, use the first author's name and et al. When a source has no identified author, cite the first two or three words of the title (in italics if it is a book, between quotation marks if it is an article) followed by the year and the page. When an author or group of authors has more than one publication in the same year a lower case letter is added to the date. This letters will be used when citing this source in the text.

For additional notes: Additional notes which are less than 7 words can be mentioned in Notes.

References: After Notes, full references should be listed in alphabetic order at the end of the paper, as below :

1.     Elcioglu OOzden HGuven G, et al. Urinary bladder stone extraction and instruments compared in textbooks of Abul-Qasim Khalaf Ibn Abbas Alzahrawi (Albucasis) (930-1013) and Serefeddin Sabuncuoglu (1385-1470). J Endourol. 2010; 24: 1463-8.

2.      Khaleghi-Motlagh Dj. BORZŪYA. In: Encyclopedia Iranica. . Accessed in 27/4/2011

3.     Najmabadi M. Tarikh Tebb dar Iran. Tehran: Tehran University; 1992. [in Persian]

4.     Selin H. Encyclopedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publisher; 1997.

5.     Zargaran A, Mohagheghzadeh A, Ghasemi Y, et al. Medical ethics in ancient Persia. Medical Ethics. 1388; 1(2): 91-123. [in Persian]

6.     Zumin ID. Eastern origins of integrative medicine and modern applications. In: Textbook of Natural Medicine. St. Louis: Churchill Livingstone; 2006: 3-11.

All references should be in English, even for Persian and Arabic manuscripts. For not English references, try to write its English name if it has. If it has not English title, write its name by English alphabet in italic form. For references with more than 4 authors, write 3 authors and use "et al" for others.

Tables and figures: Tables and figures can be added after the references in separate pages or submitted by separate file(s). A short descriptive title should appear above each table with a clear legend, with suitably identified notes below it. Also a clear legend is needed for each figure which must appear in the separate page at the end of manuscript (after the tables). Illustrations must be 300 dpi or higher resolution. The figures which were obtained from other sources and not original are needed to permission from original source.  

Numbers: Use Arabic numerals for all measurements, number of subjects in a group, ages, and the like, except when starting a sentence, where the numbers should be spelled out.

Non-English Words: Italicize non-English words (including society names, book titles, quotations, and isolated words), within the text.

Quotations: Short quotations within a paragraph should have double quotation marks. Use single quotation marks only for a quote within a quote. Long quotations (more than one sentence) should be indented as a block of text with opening and closing quotation marks in new and separate paragraph.

Reviewing: Editor will read the submission and, if it is suitable, will send it to reviewers. Feedback is usually within two months of receipt, includes a decision letter of rejection or acceptance and also can be sent back for revision.                                

Proofs and Reprints: When a manuscript is accepted and ready to publish, a final proof will be send to correspondence to approve it or correct errors. After approving the proof, it will be published in the Journal as soon as possible.

Peer Review Process:

The articles are primarily evaluated by our statisticians who check the articles for any methodological flaws, format, and their compliance with the journal’s instructions. Then a submission code will be allocated and all the future contacts should be based on this code. Through a double-blind review, the articles will be reviewed by at least two external (peer) reviewers. Their comments will be passed to the authors and their responses to the comments along with the reviewers’ comments will then be evaluated by the Editor-in-Chief, and a final reviewer who can be a member of the Editorial Board. The final review process will be discussed in regular editorial board sessions and on the basis of the comments, and the journal’s scope, the Editors-in-Chief will decide which articles should be published.

Ethical Considerations: The journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). COPE's flowcharts and guidelines are approached in confronting any ethical misbehavior. The Journal also follows the guidelines mentioned in the Uniform Requirements for Manuscript Submitted to Biomedical Journals ( The research that involves human beings (or animals) must adhere to the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki. (

Informed consent: All patients and participants of the research should be thoroughly informed about the aims of the study and any possible side effects of the drugs and intervention. Written informed consent from the participants or their legal guardians is necessary for any such studies. The Journal reserves the right to request the related documents.

Authorship: Based on the newly released Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, by the ICMJE, “an Author” is generally considered to be someone who meets the following conditions 1, 2, 3, and 4.

1-Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND

2-Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND

3-Final approval of the version to be published; AND

4-Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Conflict of Interest: We request all the authors to inform us about any kinds of "Conflict of Interest" (such as financial, personal, political, or academic) that would potentially affect their judgment. Authors are preferably asked to fill the uniform disclosure form available through: (

Plagiarism: The authors are not allowed to utilize verbatim text of previously published papers or manuscripts submitted elsewhere.

Copyright: If a manuscript contains any previous published image or text, it is the responsibility of the author to obtain authorization from copyright holders. The author is required to obtain and submit the written original permission letters for all copyrighted material used in his/her manuscripts.


Open Access Policy: 

This journal provides immediate free access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

 Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Retraction Policy: The RHM Journal uses the COPE flowchart for retraction of a published article ( to determine whether a published article should be retracted.