Document Type: Original Article
Isfahan, University of Isfahan, Faculty of Literature and Humanities
Obstetrics and Gynecology as one of the most important branches of modern medicine, enjoys a thousand-year history of the views of scientists and physicians of various civilizations of India, Greece, Iran and other nations. This field of study from ancient times, has been considered as one of the oldest professions in the world, dating back to the length of human life. Obstetrics and Gynecology, as an academic discipline, not only is related to the birth or pregnancy, but has also been playing an important role in the treatment of women.According to historical resources, Islamic medicine is indebted to Greece and Rome, and many works of Islamic medicine root in Greek schools. It should be borne in mind that Greek medicine owes its turn to Mesopotamia, Egypt, Persia and India, respectively. In the Islamic period, based on Islamic law, specific instructions for the survival of human life, the importance of marriage and family formation and physical health of men and women are taken to a formal program. Many works in the field of midwifery and gynecology at the beginning of the Islamic period have been developed which are determined by examining the physicians of Islamic civilization, also known as the majority of uterine diseases. Dystocia, infertility and other diseases were treated among women; such physicians theoretically, have written treatises on midwifery and gynecology, or at least chapters of their books were dedicated to issues.The present study is aimed at surveying Muslim Physician’s views on the etiology and treatment plans for Uterus diseases. The dominant presupposition serves the fact that Muslim physicians were knowledgeable about such problems, and provided convenient clinical remedies to cure them. The analytic-descriptive nature of this study has taken advantage of library documents to describe various treatment plans and explain their diversities in managing Uterus-related issues. The study proceeds to conclude that most Muslim physicians agreed with each other on surgical and medicinal techniques to manage Uterus-related diseases; they did not believe in superstition or magic though.