Diagnosis and Treatment of Favus in Safavid Iran

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Associate professor, Medical Philosophy and History Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

2 Medical Philosophy and History Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

The system of Iranian medicine in Safavid era was the continuation of the system based on Phlegm view. Accordingly, the incidence of most diseases was attributed to whole view of the quadruple imbalance of the Blood, Soda, Bile and Bulging. Preventive and therapeutic approaches were also conducted in the same cognitive atmosphere. The specimen of Favus disease indicates such a view that it was dominant in the Safavid era. Favus appeared as a skin disease in two types of dry and wet. Cognitively, related pathogens were in line with the common medical system, which was attributed to the imbalance of Phlegm. Given this disease, the behavioral approach initially focused on purging bloody corpuscles from the body, balancing the body sputum and later relieving the symptoms of the disease. This is due to the application of various forms and medications. Some practices were based on the experiences of the predecessors and others on the physician ̓s initiative of the Safavid era. This study is an overview, attempting to examine the nature and purpose of the descriptive and analytical methods, and the therapeutic approach to treating diabetes in Iranian Safavid era’s medical system. Required data are retrieved and collected  based on a desk research methodology

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