Study of Scientific Life of Abu Ja'far Ahmad ibn Ibrahim Jazzar

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 PhD., Assistant Professor, Department of History, College of Literature and Humanities, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

2 PhD., Assistant Professor, Department of Theology and Islamic Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

In the history of Islamic Medicine, honorable physicians have risen, however, some of them are lesser-known. Abu Ja'far Ahmad ibn Ibrahim Jazzar is one of the students of the medical school of Kairouan, who was scientifically active in the period of the Fatimid Caliphate (297-358 A.H/  909-969 A.D). The scientific works of this knowledgable scientist manifest his expertise and skill in lexicon, philosophy, medicine, and branches related to medicine, especially pharmacology. Tibb al-Fuqara' va al-Masakin [medicine for the poor and destitute] is one of his most enduring medical works with considerable fame. This research tries to study the details of Ibn Jazzar’s scientific life as well as his works remained in the field of Medicine.

Keywords


Al-Sameraei K. [Mokhtasar Tarikh Al-tebb Al-Arabi]. Vol. 1. Bghdad, Dar Al-Nezal, 1980. [in Arabic]
Ammer S. Ibn Al-Jazzar and the Kairovan medical school. Journal of Vesalius. 1998; 4: 1-4.
Avicenna. [Al-Qanun fi Al-Tibb]. Vol. 1. Beirut, Dar Al-ehyae Al-Arabi, 2005.
Encyclopedia of Islam. Researched by Mousavi Bojnourdi K. Vol. 3. Tehran. 1995: 228. [in Persian]
Gerrit B. Ibn Al- Jazzar on medicine for the Poor and Destitute. Journal of the American Oriental society. 1998; 118(3): 365-375.
Gerrit B. Ibn Al- Jazzar on Women’s Diseases and Their Tretment. Medical History. 1993; 37: 296-312.
Haji Khalifa M. [Kashf Al-Zonoun an Asami Al-kotub va Al-Founon]. Vol. 1 & 2. Baghdad, Maktabe Al-Mosanna, n.d. [in Arabic]
Hamavi Y. [Moejam Al-Odaba]. Vol. 2. Edited by Meglous J. Egypt, Maktabe Al-GHora va Al-seghafe, n.d. [in Arabic]
Hemarne Sami KH. [Tarikh Touras Al-oloum Al-Tebbie End Al-Arab va Al-Moslemin]. Vol. 1. Amman, Jame Al-yarmouk, 1986. [in Arabic]
Ibn Abi Usaybea. [Uyun al-Anba fi Tabakat Al-attibba]. Vol. 2. Edited by Mouler M. Cairo, Mahad Tarikh Al-Oulom Al-Arabie va Eslamiyeh, 1955. [in Arabic]
Ibn al-Abbar M. [Letakmele Leketab Al-sele]. Vol. 1. Edited by Al-Attar Al-Hoseini. Cairo, Maktabe Nashr Al-Seghafe Al-Eslami, 1956. [in Arabic]
Ibn beitar Z. [Jamea Al-Mofradat Al-Advieh va Al-Aghziyeh]. Vol. 2. Baghdad, n.d. [in Arabic]
Ibn Ezari M. [Al-Bayan Al-Moghreb fi Akhbar Andelos va Al-Maghreb]. Vol. 1. Edited by Kolan JS. Beirout, Dar Al-Seghafe, 1980. [in Arabic]
Ibn Jazzar A. [Al-Etimad fi Al-Adwiya Al-Mofradah]. Beirout, Sherkat Al-Matbouat Leltouzie va Al-Nashr, 2004. [in Arabic]
Ibn Jazzar A. [Al-farq bayn al-Hilal alati Tashtabiho Asbaboha wa Takhalafa Araziha]. Edited by Al-atraghji RM. Baghdad, Markaz Ehyae Al-touras Al-Elmi Al-Arabi, 1989. [in Arabic]
Ibn Jazzar A. [Fi Al-Meadeh va Amrazwha va Modavateha]. Tehran, Iran University of Medical Sciences, 2010. [in Arabic]
Ibn Jazzar A. [Fi Founoun al-Tiib va al-Atr]. Edited by Al-Razi Al-Hejazi, Al-Asali F. Tounes, Al-Majmae Al- Tounesi , 2007. [in Arabic]
Ibn Jazzar A. [Fi Ṭibb Al-Mashāyikh va Hefz Sehattehem]. Edited by Omar Al-Asali F, Al-Razi Al-Hejazi. Tounes, Al-Majmae Al- Tounesi Leloulom va Al-Adab va Al-Founon, 2009. [in Arabic]
Ibn Jazzar A. [Siyasah al-Sebiyan wa Tadbirehem]. Edited by Al-halileh MH. Tounes, Beit Al-Hekme, 2008. [in Arabic]
Ibn Jazzar A. [Tibb al-Fuqara’ va al-Masakin]. Edited by Kazem Al-Matameh V. Tehran, International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization, 1996. [in Arabic]
Ibn Jazzar A. [Tibb Zād al-Musāfirin]. Edited by Salem M. Beirout, Maktabe Al-Maaref, 2004. [in Arabic]
Ibn Jazzar A. [Zād al-Musāfir va Ghovvat Al-Hazer]. Edited by Souesi M, Sheikheh J. Tounes, Al-Majmae Al- Tounesi Leloulom va Al-Adab va Al-Founon, 1999. [in Arabic]
Ibn Joljol S. [Tabaghat Al- Ateba]. Researched by Sezgin F. Cairo, Al-Mahd Al-Elmi, 1955. [in Arabic]
Ibn Saed S. [Tabaghat Al-Oumam]. Edited by Mounes H. Cairo, Dar Al-Maare, 1993. [in Arabic]
Mahmood Badr A. [Dafea mazare Al-Aban be Arz Mesre]. Journal of Alam Al-kotoub. 1990; 11(1): 88-89. [in Arabic]
Qadi Ayyad A. [Tartib al-mardarik va Tghrib Al-Masalek]. Vol. 1 & 2. Edited by Bokeir Mahmoud A. Beirout, Dar Maktabeh Al-Hayat, 1967. [in Arabic]
Razi M. [Resale Tadbir Al-Sebyan]. Edited by Moghadas E. Tehran, Niloubarg, 2010. P: 18. [in Arabic]
Sezgin F. [Tarikh Negareshhay Arabi]. Vol. 3. Tehran, Vezarat Farhang va Ershad, 2000. [in Arabic]
Sofdi S. [Al-vafi Bl-vafaiat]. Vol. 3. Edited by Sahl I. Beirout, Dar Al-Nashr, 1972. [in Arabic]