A Historical-Literary Survey of Medicine in Ancient Iran

Document Type: Short Communication


1 Paramedical College, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Foreign Languages & Linguistics, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran


In this paper the practice of medicine in ancient Iran is studied. Mythology of ancient Iran has many references to how diseases were treated and medicine dispensed. There is even a mention of surgery; presumably the rst caesarian section in the history of medicine is performed for the birth of mythological Persian hero, Rostam. This study looks at mythology, ancient Persian religious texts and historical books to discuss the practice of medicine in ancient Iran.