Consideration of Quarantine Conditions in Bushehr Between 1905 and 1915, Based on Baliuz of Britain Reports

Document Type: Original Article


Department of History, Faculty of Literature and Humanity, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran


Prevalence of contagious diseases through foreign passengers and crews is one the serious problems in big ports. In the late Qajar period, Bushehr port became an important port because of military, political and economical reasons. In this time, some diseases such as plague and cholera prevailed in some Iran’s neighbor countries like India and Iraq and spread in Bushehr by passengers and crews. Iran’s government had not any attention to this object. But finally, agreed with organizing a quarantine office by England in Bushehr. This office had some physicians and military forces. During 10 years, this quarantine office had many problems such as offense to the quarantine rules by passengers and crews, sabotage of other European governments and incorrect decisions of Iranian government. Because supervision of this office was with Britain; most of remained documents about this can be reached from the reports of British political agents, embassy staffs, brokers and head of the console. The aim of this study is consideration on the condition of quarantine office in Bushehr between 1905 and 1915 based on Baliuz of Britain in Bushehr. Although these documents are full of wrong political views, but because medicine and quarantine was not a political object; these documents had good validity among other documents.