Document Type: Original Article
Research Office for the History of Persian Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Department of History, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Jondishapour School was the first center of cultural transmission in the world among various civilizations like the Greek, Syriac, Hindi, Chinese and Roman formed by permissive policies of Khosro Anushirvan in Iran. The idea that Iranian knowledge can be flourished with the help of progress made in science in different cultures was, for the first time, suggested by Khosro Anushirvan and his competent minister Buzarjmehr. Several meetings were held between scholars of different cultures and civilizations in the presence of the king and Sassanid sage. In addition, translation of the works from different languages and cultures to the Pahlavi was done and encouraged during this period and fortunately, despite the fall of the Sassanid emperor and Muslims attack on Iran, this policy continued without stop. But the centrality of Baghdad and dominance of Arabic language over Pahlavi language could affect only the change of the language, not the policy of the era. In fact, we can consider Jondishapour School as one of the main causes of promotion of Islamic culture and civilization.