Document Type: Original Article
PhD Student, Department of History, Dr Ali Shariati Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
PhD Student, Department of History, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Research Office for the History of Persian Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Soryani School is one of the most important medical schools dating back from the ancient world to the Islamic period. Since its establishment (contemporary with Alexander) up to the empowerment of Ashkanid and Sasanid dynasties, and since Arabs attacked the foundation of Abbasid dynasty (a period of about 1000 years), the Soryani School which was very active in Mesopotamia and Northern Syria, made a big progress in medicine. The School was formed in scientific centers like Jondishapour, Raha (Edasa), Nasibin and Harran. Translation contributed to the transmission of its scientific achievements at the time of Jondishapour establishment (contemporary with Khosro Anushirvan) and Baghdad School (contemporary with Haroun Al-Rashid and Ma’mun). With its scientific schools, hospitals and well-equipped libraries, Soryani School gained an international reputation. Great scholars and scientists who rose in this school made valuable innovations and progress in medicine. In this study, we aimed to discuss this great scientific center and some of its most important scholars.