Importance of Anatomy in Fars School of Medicine in the 7th and 8th Centuries A.H.

Document Type: Original Article


1 shiraz univesity. College of Literature and Humanities. Eram Sq. Eram Paradise. Department of History

2 PhD Student of Islamic History, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran


One of the topics attended by scholars and Islamic physicians has been the knowledge of anatomy. From the beginning of translation movement in the second century, Muslims paid a special attention to this branch of knowledge. Greek physicians’ works especially Galen, were translated into Arabic and described as infrastructures for the authorship of Muslim physicians’ works in the field of anatomy. Muslim physicians, while paying attention to the views of Greeks, presented new theories. The most important of these theories concerned Ibn Nafis. His study of blood circulation was a sign of deep investigation by Muslim physicians. In the seventh and eighth centuries, Persian physicians paid much attention to knowledge and wrote several treatises in this regard. For example, AlMokhtasar fi Tashrih of Abolmajd, al Bayzavi and resale fi tashrih of Najmodin Mahmod ibn Elyas Shirazi and tashrihol Abdan of Mansur ibn Ahmad Shirazi. This research paper is descriptive-analytical in nature and takes a comparative approach. By conformation of these works together, this research considers the most important topics of theabove-mentioned scientists about anatomy in Persian physician’ works.