Trachoma disease in Iran from the past to the end of the twentieth century

Document Type: Original Article


MD & PhD ,Assistant Professor, Department of History, Faculty of Literature and the Humanities, University Of Isfahan, Iran


Trachoma and its complications, including blindness, is one of the problems that has always threated human society. This disease was known among Iranian physicians since past time in Iran and there had been signs of disease description and its treatment methods in ancient books.At the beginning of twentieth century, by discovering the cause of the disease, comprehensive actions were taken by Iranian government to eradicate this disease. These actions included public treatment in community as well as health education in schools. Also clinics and ophthalmologists have begun to treat the disease with new methods.The results of this study based on the study of documents, remaining evidence and the statistics of patients in different regions indicate that although Iranian government managed to control the disease and its complications, but it never succeeded in eradicating Trachoma.