Analysis of the Performance of Nursing Schools in Iran in the Pahlavi Era; A Case Study of Isfahan (1925- 1979)

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of History, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

2 Ph.D., Professor, Department of History, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

3 Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Department of History, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

Abstract

Optimal health care depends on facilities and conditions, such as equipment, medicine and specialized personnel, such as doctors and nurses. Concerning medicine, though briefly, one may find some information, there is scarce information regarding nursing services. It is common knowledge that one main reason for the patient’s recovery and health is how they are cared for. As a profession in Iran, nursing training officially dates back to the late Qajar period. During this period, by opening schools, religious missionaries attempted to educate and train nurses, positively affecting the health status and attitude of the people.
Since the Pahlavi era, the government made an effort to open nursing schools which led to the development of the education and training of specialized nurses. The present study intends to deal with the formation of nursing schools and their performance, as well as the measures taken in the Pahlavi period in this regard in Iran, especially in Isfahan. It seems that although public schools and charity organizations have taken various progressive measures in this direction, they, for various reasons, failed to train enough nurses to meet the needs of medical centers. On the other hand, in the Pahlavi II period, charities took the largest share in the training of nurses.

Keywords


Alder, J., 1954. History of the American Mission in Iran. Translated by S. Azari. Tehran: Norjahan. 
Ashraf Pahlavi Nursing School, 1947. Ettela’at, 10 February, p. 4.
Ashraf Pahlavi Nursing School, 1951. Ettela’at, 20 April, p. 4.
Assistant Nursing school in Isfahan, 1958, Isfahan Jamiat-e Shir o Khorshid Monthly Journal, 3 (February), pp. 21-22, 32.
Assistant Nursing school in Isfahan, 1959, Isfahan Jamiat-e Shir o Khorshid Monthly Journal, 8 (October), p. 26.
Assistant Nursing school in Isfahan, 1960, Isfahan Jamiat-e Shir o Khorshid Monthly Journal, 9, p. 46. 
Azarmi, S., and Farsi, Z., 2011. History of Nursing with a brief overview of the nursing history of the Army of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Journal of Nursing of the Army of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 11(1), pp. 37-43.
Hatami, M., 1979. Education in the Red Shir o Khorshid of Iran. B.S Thesis. University of Tehran, Tehran.
Islamic Consultative Assembly Research Center, n.d. Available from: https://rc.majlis.ir/fa/law/show/96617 [Accessed 8/3/2021].
Jamiat-e Shir o Khorshid, 1951. Ettela’at, 12 May, p. 2.
Jamiat-e Shir o Khorshid, 1952. Ettela’at, 6 May, pp. 1, 5. 
Manuscript No. 103303, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 220/14330, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 220/16659, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 220/3732, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 230/27102, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 270/24, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 270/334, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 270/521, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 270/554, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 270/687, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran:  National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 270/90, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 275/2865, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 293/39111, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 297/021677, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma). 
Manuscript No. 297/08804, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 297/27353, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 297/30731, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 297/33091, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 297/44629, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 297/44638, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 3059, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 310/46354, n.d. [Manuscript].  Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 310/52002, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 350/6694, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Tehran: National Documents and Library Organization (Sakma).
Manuscript No. 97/293/21455, n.d. [Manuscript]. Held at: Isfahan: National Documents and Library Organization of the Central Region of Isfahan (Sakma Isf).
Motameni, S., 1971. Nursing Services in Iran. s.l.: s.n.
Pahlavi era exhibition, 1976. Tehran: Imperial Organization of Social Services in the service of the people for thirty years.
Roustaei , M., 2003. History of medicine in Iran (from the Qajar era to the end of Reza Shah era) according to documents/research. Vol. 1. Tehran: National Archives and Library of Iran. 
Women and Health, 1934, Baladieh Magazine, 6, p. 11. 
Valizadeh, L., Zamanzadeh, V., and Qavi, A., 2018. A Study of Nursing Developments in Iran. Medical History, 36, pp. 104-90.