The Effect of Khadab on Beauty, Health, and Hair Strengthening, as Mentioned in Persian Medicine, based on Hakim Seyyed Isma’il Jurjani’s Outlook

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Ph.D., History of Iran after Islam, Department of Persian Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Ardakan, Yazd, Iran

2 Ph.D., Islamic History, Department of History, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

3 M.A., English Literature, Department of English Language and Literature, Shahid Chamran University of Ahwaz, Ahvaz, Iran

4 Associate Professor of Traditional Pharmacy, Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy Medicinal Plants Processing Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract

As a comprehensive and dynamic school, traditional Persian medicine is a collection of theoretical and practical sciences that Iranian scholars have used in different centuries to prevent and treat diseases and maintain health.Persian medical books refer to the benefits of Khadab and its preventive and therapeutic recommendations. One of the leading physicians is the Hakim Seyyed Isma’il Jurjani, who has discussed the effective combination of products in making Khadab and talks about the effects of Khadab on the beauty, health and strong hair. The use of Khadab is an ancient form of treatment in Iran. In fact, the employment of Khadab is a perfectly natural process used to improve skin and hair health and heal ailments. This study examines the prescriptions and combinations related to the types of Khadab and Hakim Seyyed Isma’il Jurjani’s recommendation on Khadab in Persian medicine. According to Hakim Jurjani, Khadabs are classified into several categories: those that turn hair into black, those that turn hair into red, tan or gold, and those that whiten hair.

Keywords


Agha Bozorg Tehrani, 1976. Al-Dari’ah al-Tasnif al-Shi’a. Vol. 7. Najaf: Al-Gharri Press.
Al-Zirikli, Kh., 1980. Al-Alam (Biographical Dictionary). Vol. 5. Beirut: Dar al-elm Lelmalen.
Avicenna, 1988. Al-Qanun fi’t-Tibb (The Canon of Medicine). Vol. 5. Translated by A.R. Sharafkandi. Tehran: Soroush Publications.
Azadbakht, M., 1999. Classification of medical plants. Tehran: Teimourzadeh.
Christensen, A., 1989. Iran During the Sassanids. Translation: Rashid Yasemi. Tehran: Donyayeh-Ketab.
Dehkhoda, A.A., 1998. Dehkhoda Dictionary. Vol. 6. Tehran: Dehkhoda Dictionary Institute. 
Elamite archer. From the Achaemenid palace of Darius I at Susa, Iran. 510 BC.  Available at: http://www.egyptsearch.com/forums/ultimatebb.cgi?ubb=print_topic;f=15;t=012924. [Accessed 2022, 16th March] 
Gheibi, M., 2006. A History of Persian Costume. Tehran: Hirmand Publications. 
Golshani, S.A., and Esmaili, H., 2021. A Contemplation of the Geographical Origin of Seyyed Isma’il Jurjani. Journal of Research on History of Medicine, 10(3), pp. 137-146.
Golshani, S.A., and Hossein-Hashemi, Z., 2021. An Attitude Towards Khazab in Beauty, Health and Hair Strengthening from the Perspective of History and Traditional Medicine. Introduction by M.M. Zarshenas. Tehran: Safir-Ardehal.
Golshani, S.A., Hossein-Hashemi, Z., and Zarshenas, M., 2022. A review on the place of Khadāb in the history of Iranian civilization and its role in Iranian medicine. Journal of Dermatology and Cosmetics ( jdc), 12 (4), pp. 243-255.
Gorji, N., Naeimi, M., Moeini, R., Memariani, Z., Kolangi, F., 2018. An Approach to Hair Loss and its Management in Persian Medicine. Trad Integr Med, 3(3), pp. 127-137.
Hosseini Karnami, S.H., Darabinia, M., Moallemi, M., Afzali, M., Eskandari, S., Yousofpour, M., 2020. Hair Cleansers in Medical Hadiths and Healthcare. Journal of Religion and Health (JRH), 7(2), pp. 45-55.
Ibn al-Athir al-Jazari, A.A., 1965. Al-Kāmil fī al-tārīkh (The Complete History). Vol. 1. Beirut: Dar al-Sadr.
Ibn Manzur, M.M., 1994. Lesanol Arab. Vol. 1. Beirut: Darol Fekr- Dar Sader. 
Imaginary drawing in a glazed dish of hats and black dyed Khadab hair of women in the Seljuk and Khwarezmshahian periods. Kashan 13th century AD. Available at: https://darnia.ir/blog/85.html. [Accessed 2022, 16th March] 
Ismail Pasha Baghdadi, 1951. Hadiyyat al-Arifin, Asma al-Muallifin va Asar Almusannifin. Vol. 2. Baghdad: al-Mosana.
Jurjani, S.I., 2012. Zakhireye Khwarazmshahi. Vol. 8. Qom: Moaseseh Tebb Tabee.
Mawardi al-Basri, A.H.A., 1989. Al-Ahkam al-Sultania w’al-Wilayat al-Diniyya (The Ordinances of Government). Researched by A.M. al-Baghdadi. Kuwait: Library of Ibn Qutaybah of Kuwait.
Mohagheghzadeh, A., Zargaran, A., and Daneshamuz, S., 2011. Cosmetic sciences from ancient Persia. Pharm Hist (Lond), 41(2), pp. 18-23.
Quran., 2009. Translated by N. Makarem Shirazi. Tehran: Jomhuri. 
Ravandi, M., 2003. Social history of Iran. Vol. 3 and 7. Tehran: Amir-Kabir.