Document Type : Original Article
PhD, Assistant Professor of History of Islamic Civilization, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran
The city of Kufa was built in 17 AH during the reign of the second caliph in Mesopotamia. During the first centuries of Islam, a large population settled there. In the social dimension, the Kufis needed the services of skilled physicians with different specialities. Although little is known about the medical knowledge and physicians of Kufa at that time, many historical events show clear signs of the flourishing of Kufa medical knowledge in the first centuries of Islam.
This research, with a descriptive-analytical method, tries to answer these questions: what was the status of medical knowledge in Kufa from the beginning to the end of the fifth century of Hijri? And who were the famous doctors of Kufa? Research findings show that in the centuries mentioned, there were a significant number of physicians with different specialities including Muslims, Christians and Jews in Kufa who were either Kufis themselves or came to this city and provided medical services to the rulers, governors and people. They were hygienic and at the same time wrote and translated medical works, the most famous of which were Athir ibn Amro al-Sukuni, Abdul Malik ibn Abjar, Jabir ibn Hayyan Azdi, Yaqub ibn Ishaq Kendi, Theodor Tiyazuq and Euphrates ibn Shahnatha.