Al-Ruhawi’s Report on Gondishapur Hospital in Adab al-Tabib (9th Century)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of History of Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 M.Sc., Department of History of Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Jundishapur is one of the most important centers for transferring medical knowledge from Persian civilization to Islamic civilization. The studies of this hospital-university center in recent decades have gone through at least three different periods. The third round of Jundishapur studies focuses on new findings and lesser-known reports. The book Adab al-Tabib and its author reports on the ninth century AD about Jundishapur provides new information to researchers in this field that has not been reported so far. The author’s description of this book provides a new picture of the relationship between the Jundishapur Hospital-Training Center and Baghdad, which can be a good reflection of its management, and the transfer of physicians and researchers from Iran to the Center of Islamic Civilization. This information shows how, with the strengthening of Baghdad as a scientific center, Jundishapur slowly lost its importance, and doctors and researchers preferred to migrate to Baghdad for more income. This migration can be considered the second great scientific migration of Iranians in history.


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