Iranian Physicians in the Ottoman Empire (From the 9th to 12th Century AH)

Document Type: Original Article


1 Department of History of Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of History of Medicine, Traditional Medical School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


The relations between Iran and Ottoman in all political, scientific, cultural and social fields have been intertwined since the early 9th century AH. During this period, many Iranian scholars immigrated to the Ottoman Empire, with simultaneous developing relations between two countries. Prominent physicians and pharmacologists playing a significant role in developing scientific relations between the two countries by stabilizing the scientific position and their practical ability in the social and scientific space of the Ottoman Empire were among them. This study is a systematic review used in the library and electronic resources and the references  of the research were in two Farsi and Arabic languages, regardless of time constraints. The influence of emigration and the presence of Iranian physicians in the Ottoman Empire can be considered in different ways, including the scientific, social and political effects, while some of them were the special ones in the Ottoman court due to their considerable skills in the practice of medicine, Some of them were in the process of compilation of medical books and medical training also they were Superordinate in their era that This article introduces them.